Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions that often bring challenges related to: social skills, speech, and behavior. For many parents, trying to understand and manage their child’s behaviors can be difficult. One of the biggest challenges is trying to create a consistent structure for handling situations when their child is acting out. Additionally, having a consistent way to reinforce positive behaviors is often overlooked.
Below is an example of a method parents can use effectively when trying to address certain behaviors of their child, both positive and negative.
Time-Out & Time-In.
What is Time-Out?
When a child is told to go somewhere – like a chair or facing a wall, alone for a determined amount of time.
How to effectively implement Time-Out.
- Use a calm voice and avoid making choices based on emotions.
- Set specific rules and criteria and ensure a consistent implementation.
- Use brief statements of the behavior you want to see next/again.
- “When you are calm, you can tell me what you need.”
- With an inside voice, let em know what you want when you are ready.”
- The video games are not available, you can have a book or your race car. Let me know when you are ready to pick with an inside voice.
- Avoid offering to many options.
- Avoid offering options after the behavior occurred.
When NOT to use Time-Out
- With children who use behavior to avoid or escape situations, tasks, or activities.
- With children who engage in self injurious behavior and could cause harm to themselves.
What is Time-In?
Reinforcing positive behaviors through praise or attention.
Ho to use Time-In
- Provide lots of attention for the behaviors you want to see again.
- Labeling the things you like. (Descriptive praise.)
- “I love how you are sharing your blocks with your sister!”
- “You are sitting waiting so nicely!”
- “Thank you for helping clean up!”
- Identify what your child likes.
- Verbal praise, hugs, tickles, squeezes, high fives, tokens, toys.
- Use these paired with descriptive praise.
- Use high energy and incorporate them with activities your child likes.
At EAS, we build individualized Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy programs which help address behavior planning, as well as: social skills, fine motor skills, language and communication, play skills, self help, and more. If you would like to speak with a clinician to set up a time to see discuss building a personalized program for your child, please click on the link below.